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Apple Cider Vinegar Tinctures

Our biggest success story has been the development of pure  Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) tinctures made using traditional methods that go back centuries.  No other company in the UK makes pure ACV tinctures for horses without alcohol or honey added.

We were repeatedly advised to simply make 1:3 grain alcohol extracts at 60% to 90% proof, as is the pharmaceutical standard.  These extracts being double the strength of your straight spirits such as whisky, vodka or brandy.  The extracts being the result of prolonged heating and evaporation of the water content, then reconstituting the concoction with strong alcohol 60% to 90% strength to their required volume.  The pharmaceutical industry has grown used to making these over strength alcohol extracts and calling them "tinctures".  Traditional herbalists have always made tinctures using cold maceration and percolation methods to capture all the medicinal properties, loosing nothing to evaporation.  *See notes.

The detrimental effects on the liver and metabolism caused by these high strength concoctions of 60% to 90% alcohol, was of great concern to us.  There had to be a better way to make our tinctures for horses.  Over proof alcohol extracts for horses was not an option considering the adverse effects on the liver and internal organs.  Incredibly, one company making these extracts for horses, boasted about their high strength extracts, whilst dissing vinegar tinctures and honey referring to them as fillers!

The History of Apples and Vinegar - Ancient Remedies for Modern Times

Apples have been used medicinally since Ayurvedic physicians first prescribed them to relieve diarrhea.  Apple sauce is still a diarrhea treatment today, the pectins being the active ingredient to cleanse a deranged gut.  Giving raw dessert apples to horses, cleanses the linings of their gut.

The medieval German herbalist Hildegard of Bingen prescribed raw apples as a tonic and cooked apples as the first treatment for any sickness.

<- Our apple thief, horses simply love that apple flavour!


Vinegar has been used as a preservative and medicine for centuries.   The healing properties of vinegar are extolled in records of the Babylonians. Hippocrates is known to have used vinegar tinctures.  Ancient Greek doctors poured vinegar into wounds and over dressings as a disinfectant, and gave concoctions of honey and vinegar to patients.  Throughout the ages, vinegar tinctures were used as medicine right up to the 20th century.  The American Electic physicians such as King and Felter used vinegar tinctures, preferring vinegar to make Lobelia tincture, because vinegar is more efficient when extracting alkaloids than alcohol.  During the American Civil War and World War 1, military medics used vinegar to treat wounds.

Four Thieves Vinegar

The most famous vinegar story is one of four thieves living in Marseilles (Southern France) during the bubonic plague of 1628- 1631.  They robbed the bodies of plague victims yet never succumbed to bubonic plague.  The authorities were aware of their existence and decided to let nature take its course.  Much to their amazement the four thieves thrived, remaining immune to infection.  Desperate to control the plague, the authorities decided to arrest them and discover their secret.
The thieves bargained their secret recipe of herbs, garlic and vinegar for a concession to be hanged rather than be burnt at the stake.  The recipe devised by the mother of one of the thieves, a humble herbalist and midwife came from her herbal knowledge!

No time was wasted.  The recipe was printed on large posters then hung on the walls of Marseilles, for all to use.  The museum of Old Marseilles still has a copy of this famous poster on display.  The plague soon came under control, thanks to the humble recipe of a herbalist !

Vermont Folk Medicine

Dr Jarvis MD, a country doctor in Vermont, noted the amazing good health of farm animals in his district.   This good health on investigation seemed to be due to the tradition of Vermont farmers, to give a daily ration of  Apple Cider Vinegar to their animals.

British farmers

Maurice Hanssen in his book "Hanssen's  Complete Book of Cider Vinegar"  has reprinted reports from British dairy farmers published in various farming magazines, during the 1960's.  These reports all attest to the amazing results of giving Apple Cider Vinegar to cows.  After regular feeding of ACV their cows needed less antibiotics and veterinary treatments.
*Please note.  We would like to assure you that the few alcohol tinctures offered by Epona Herbs contain 25% or less alcohol in strength and contain other solvents such as glycerine and distilled water.  No evaporation or reconstitution has taken place, all the medicinal qualities have been retained using cold percolation methods.  They are not detrimental to the liver and internal  organs.  The high strength tinctures manufactured by big pharmaceutical companies (industry standard) are not supplied or made by Epona Herbs.
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